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cyberlaw:content [2019/01/24 11:22]
131.181.11.116
cyberlaw:content [2019/09/16 12:34] (current)
131.181.11.107
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 **Video Overview of Online Content Regulation in Australia by [Nicolas Suzor](https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=MXx8E2jnyGg)** **Video Overview of Online Content Regulation in Australia by [Nicolas Suzor](https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=MXx8E2jnyGg)**
  
-Australia has a co-regulatory content regulation scheme. Telecommunications providers work together to develop industry codes of practice. These industry codes are overseen by the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) under the _Broadcasting Services Act 1992_ (Cth) Schedules 5 and 7. [**__Update:​__** The //Enhancing Online Safety for Children Act 2015// amended the //​Broadcasting Services Act// so that the Office of the Children'​s eSafety Commissioner is now responsible for investigating and addressing most complaints under Schedules 5 and 7.] Schedule 5 applies to material hosted outside of Australia, and Schedule 7 applies to material hosted inside Australia. The Communications Alliance is the industry body that represents ISPs and Content Hosts. ​+Australia has a co-regulatory content regulation scheme. Telecommunications providers work together to develop industry codes of practice. These industry codes are overseen by the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) under the _Broadcasting Services Act 1992_ (Cth) Schedules 5 and 7. Schedule 5 applies to material hosted outside of Australia, and Schedule 7 applies to material hosted inside Australia. Australia also has an Office of the eSafety Commissioner,​ who has powers to investigate and address complaints about internet content. The Communications Alliance is the industry body that represents ISPs and Content Hosts. ​
  
 * [Code for Industry Co-Regulation in Areas of Mobile and Internet Content](http://​www.acma.gov.au/​~/​media/​Content%20Classification/​Regulation/​pdf/​Internet%20Industry%20Codes%20of%20Practice%202005.PDF) (2005) * [Code for Industry Co-Regulation in Areas of Mobile and Internet Content](http://​www.acma.gov.au/​~/​media/​Content%20Classification/​Regulation/​pdf/​Internet%20Industry%20Codes%20of%20Practice%202005.PDF) (2005)
  
 * [Content Services Code of Practice](http://​www.acma.gov.au/​webwr/​aba/​contentreg/​codes/​internet/​documents/​content_services_code_2008.pdf) (2008) * [Content Services Code of Practice](http://​www.acma.gov.au/​webwr/​aba/​contentreg/​codes/​internet/​documents/​content_services_code_2008.pdf) (2008)
- 
- 
-**Student video topic: Explain the co-regulatory system that applies to Australian telecommunications providers. How are codes negotiated, registered, and how can they be changed or over-ruled by the Government?​** 
  
 ## Content classification in Australia ## Content classification in Australia
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-## Online ​classification+## Online ​Classification
  
  
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 The online classification scheme is a complaints-based scheme. When ACMA receives a complaint, it applies the Guidelines to come to a preliminary view as to whether content is '​potential prohibited content'​. If the content has not yet been classified, ACMA will obtain classification from the Classification Board. The online classification scheme is a complaints-based scheme. When ACMA receives a complaint, it applies the Guidelines to come to a preliminary view as to whether content is '​potential prohibited content'​. If the content has not yet been classified, ACMA will obtain classification from the Classification Board.
  
-## Content ​hosted ​in Australia (Sch 7)  +## Content ​Hosted ​in Australia (Sch 7) 
- +
- +
-**Hannah Burnett explains how the complaints system under Sch 7** +
- ​{{youtube>​fgll39yYmD0?​small}} +
  
 +**Video Overview of the complaints system under Sch 7 by [Hannah Burnett](https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=fgll39yYmD0)**
  
 Under Schedule 7, members of the public can make complaints about prohibited or potentially prohibited content ((cl 37)), which the Commissioner must investigate. Content that is prohibited in Australia is defined as material that is or would be:((cl 20)) Under Schedule 7, members of the public can make complaints about prohibited or potentially prohibited content ((cl 37)), which the Commissioner must investigate. Content that is prohibited in Australia is defined as material that is or would be:((cl 20))
  
-* Refused Classification (content that exceeds the limits of all other catgories. RC content is not necessarily unlawful to possess or access, but it is unlawful to broadcast, sell, or screen publicly) ​+* Refused Classification (content that exceeds the limits of all other categories. RC content is not necessarily unlawful to possess or access, but it is unlawful to broadcast, sell, or screen publicly) ​
 * X rated (films that depict sexually explicit content); * X rated (films that depict sexually explicit content);
 * Rated R18+ (Films or computer games with high impact violence, sex scenes, and drug use that are high in impact) without a Restricted Access System; or * Rated R18+ (Films or computer games with high impact violence, sex scenes, and drug use that are high in impact) without a Restricted Access System; or
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 (Who is the  service ​ provider?) (Who is the  service ​ provider?)
  
-## Internationally ​hosted content ​ (Sch 5) +## Internationally ​Hosted Content ​ (Sch 5)
- +
- +
-**Anon explains the operation of Sch 5 for internationally hosted content.** +
-{{youtube>​XmFfWrAWzP8}}+
  
 +**Video Overview of the Operation of Sch 5 for Internationally Hosted Content by [Anon](https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=XmFfWrAWzP8)**
  
 Legislation ​ provides for  blocking of  content if there is  no industry code in  force. However, there is a current industry code, and it does not require blocking. Under the code, URLs of prohibited content are given to  voluntary filter vendors, but no further action is taken in regards to overseas hosted content. ​ Legislation ​ provides for  blocking of  content if there is  no industry code in  force. However, there is a current industry code, and it does not require blocking. Under the code, URLs of prohibited content are given to  voluntary filter vendors, but no further action is taken in regards to overseas hosted content. ​
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 ## Section 313 Blocking ## Section 313 Blocking
  
 +**Gab Red Explains [How s 313 Is Used by Government Agencies to Block Websites](https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=tdfHpMizgkM)** ​
  
-**Gab Red explains how s 313 is used by Government agencies to block websites** +**Matt Cartwright [Explains](https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=CDxI6-ePEgk) the Recommendations of the Recent [Inquiry Into the Use of s 313](http://​www.aph.gov.au/​Parliamentary_Business/​Committees/​House/​Infrastructure_and_Communications/​Inquiry_into_the_use_of_section_313_of_the_Telecommunications_Act_to_disrupt_the_operation_of_illegal_online_services)** 
- ​{{youtube>​tdfHpMizgkM?​small}} +
- +
  
 +## The Office of the e-Safety Commissioner
  
-**Matt Cartwright ​explains ​the recommendations of the recent ​[Inquiry into the use of s 313](http://www.aph.gov.au/​Parliamentary_Business/​Committees/​House/​Infrastructure_and_Communications/Inquiry_into_the_use_of_section_313_of_the_Telecommunications_Act_to_disrupt_the_operation_of_illegal_online_services)** +**Lauren Trickey ​explains [how to make a complaint to the eSafety Commissioner](https://youtu.be/2aTxXyZsYgw)** 
- ​{{youtube>​CDxI6-ePEgk?​small}}+
  
 +The [eSafety Commissioner](https://​www.esafety.gov.au/​) is a statutory office established by the Enhancing Online Safety Act 2015 (Cth) to promote and enhance online safety. The Commissioner can receive reports for cyber-bulling,​ image-based abuse or offensive and illegal content. ​
  
 +Cyberbullying complaints can be made by an Australian child or parent, guardian or person authorised by the child. Cyberbullying refers to online material intended to seriously threaten, intimidate, harass or humiliate an Australian child.
  
-**Annabel Burton discusses ​the Internet Watch Foundation and  s 313(3)** +Image based-abuse complaints can be made by the person in the intimate image, a person authorised to make a report or a parent or guardian of a child or a person who does not have capacity. The Commissioner can only assist if the image is hosted in Australia or if the person in the image or the person who posted the image resides in Australia. Image based-abuse occurs where a person has shared or threatened to share an intimate image of another person, without their consent.
- ​{{youtube>​tmzbR0Ud2OE?​small}}+
  
 +Australian residents can also report offensive or illegal content, which includes abhorrent violent material or material depicting illegal acts.
  
 +For each type of material an online form can be completed on the eSafety website. Each form requests information regarding what is contained or depicted in the material and where the material has been posted. After receiving a complaint, the Commissioner assesses the material complained of to determine the appropriate course of action, which may include liaising with the relevant platform for the material to be removed.
  
 ## Mandatory ISP filtering ## Mandatory ISP filtering
  
-**Daniel 920622 explains the the previous Labor Government'​s proposal to require ISPs to block websites containing offensive content** 
-{{youtube>​PPTMv0xLfc4?​small}} 
  
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