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cyberlaw:dns [2019/01/23 18:03]
witta
cyberlaw:dns [2019/09/03 11:56] (current)
131.181.11.107 [Regulating the Domain Name System]
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 ## Domain Names ## Domain Names
  
-DNS stands for Domain Name System ("​DNS"​). ​A Domain Name is the text that you usually ​type into the browser to get to the website of your choicesuch as facebook.com,​ google.com or qut.edu.au. The DNS is responsible for translating between the domain name and the IP address, which is the unique ​number ​assigned to each device on the Internet ​that allows it to communicate with other devices and comprises a series of number. For example, facebook.com'​s IP address is [[173.252.120.6|173.252.120.6]]. ​The relatively simple and easy to remember Domain Name System plays an important role in making the internet accessible to users. ​+DNS stands for Domain Name System ("​DNS"​). ​The DNS translates a domain name, which is the text that you type into a web browser to get to the website of your choice such as facebook.com,​ google.com or qut.edu.au, to its corresponding ​IP address, which is the unique ​series of numbers ​assigned to each device on the Internet. For example, facebook.com'​s IP address is '[[173.252.120.6|173.252.120.6]]'Since domain name are relatively simple and comprise largely ​easy-to-remember ​words, the Domain Name System plays an important role in making the internet ​more accessible to users. ​
  
 ### The Domain Name Structure ### The Domain Name Structure
  
 Domain names, like _qut.edu.au_,​ have three main levels: Domain names, like _qut.edu.au_,​ have three main levels:
-  * Top level domain (LTD) - e.g. '​.au'​+  * Top level domain (TLD) - e.g. '​.au'​
   * Second level domain (2LD) - e.g. '​.edu'​   * Second level domain (2LD) - e.g. '​.edu'​
   * Third level domain (3LD) - e.g. '​qut'​   * Third level domain (3LD) - e.g. '​qut'​
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 "​www.",​ "​.com"​ or hyphens within a domain name do not substantially affect the identity of the trade mark contained in the domain name.  "​www.",​ "​.com"​ or hyphens within a domain name do not substantially affect the identity of the trade mark contained in the domain name. 
  
-### Australian Consumer Law contraventions and Passing Off+## Australian Consumer Law contraventions and Passing Off
  
 In several decisions, the use of domain names has been held to contravene ss 52 (misleading and deceptive conduct) and/or 53 (misrepresentations of the //Trade Practices Act 1974// (Cth) ("​TPA"​) ​ - now ss 18 and 29 of the Australian Consumer Law (//​Competition and Consumer Act 2010// (Cth) Schedule 2) respectively). In these cases, courts have made orders requiring all necessary steps to be taken to transfer, cancel or de-register the disputed domain name. In several decisions, the use of domain names has been held to contravene ss 52 (misleading and deceptive conduct) and/or 53 (misrepresentations of the //Trade Practices Act 1974// (Cth) ("​TPA"​) ​ - now ss 18 and 29 of the Australian Consumer Law (//​Competition and Consumer Act 2010// (Cth) Schedule 2) respectively). In these cases, courts have made orders requiring all necessary steps to be taken to transfer, cancel or de-register the disputed domain name.
 +
 * //Macquarie Bank Ltd v Seagle// [2008] FCA 1417 – registrant breached TPA s 52 in registering domain names related to Macquarie Bank  in .com, .net and .us domains * //Macquarie Bank Ltd v Seagle// [2008] FCA 1417 – registrant breached TPA s 52 in registering domain names related to Macquarie Bank  in .com, .net and .us domains
  
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