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cyberlaw:dns [2019/06/19 13:08]
58.96.62.247
cyberlaw:dns [2019/11/03 13:35] (current)
cml fix UDRP typo
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   * THe domain name must be registered and used in bad faith.   * THe domain name must be registered and used in bad faith.
  
-**Legitimate Interest**+#### Legitimate Interest
  
 Clause 4(c) provides the definition of a legitimate interest: Clause 4(c) provides the definition of a legitimate interest:
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   * A legitimate, non-commercial or fair use of the domain name, without intent for commercial gain to misleadingly divert consumers or to tarnish the trade mark or service mark at issue.   * A legitimate, non-commercial or fair use of the domain name, without intent for commercial gain to misleadingly divert consumers or to tarnish the trade mark or service mark at issue.
  
-**Bad Faith**+#### Bad Faith
  
-The UDRP and AuDRP also enumerates the circumstances amounting to bad faith in clause 4(b):+**Watch an [overview of the UDRP and the meaning of 'bad faith'​](https://​youtu.be/​WFdUt9urNhs) by Josephine Hungerford** 
 + 
 +The UDRP does not provide an explicit definition of ‘bad faith’, but both the UDRP and AuDRP enumerate ​circumstances amounting to bad faith in clause 4(b):
   * Domain name registered primarily for the purpose of selling, renting or otherwise transferring the domain name registration to the owner of the trade mark or service mark or their competitor;   * Domain name registered primarily for the purpose of selling, renting or otherwise transferring the domain name registration to the owner of the trade mark or service mark or their competitor;
   * Domain name registered in order to prevent the owner of the trade mark or service mark from reflecting the mark in a corresponding domain name;   * Domain name registered in order to prevent the owner of the trade mark or service mark from reflecting the mark in a corresponding domain name;
   * Domain name registered primarily for the purpose of disrupting business of a competitor; or   * Domain name registered primarily for the purpose of disrupting business of a competitor; or
   * By using the domain name, the registrant has intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, internet users to the website, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the complainant'​s mark.   * By using the domain name, the registrant has intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, internet users to the website, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the complainant'​s mark.
 +
 +Where the second registrant can establish a right and legitimate interest in the domain name under paragraph 4(c) of the UDPR, it is likely that the domain name has not been registered in bad faith. Circumstances which indicate that the domain name has not been registered in bad faith include the honest use of the domain name in connection with an offering of goods or services, the registrant of the second domain name being commonly known by the domain name or the legitimate and non-commercial use of the domain name without the intent to divert the consumer or tarnish the name or trademark in question. ​
  
 ### Domain Name Disputes in Australia ​ ### Domain Name Disputes in Australia ​
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 In several decisions, the use of domain names has been held to contravene ss 52 (misleading and deceptive conduct) and/or 53 (misrepresentations of the //Trade Practices Act 1974// (Cth) ("​TPA"​) ​ - now ss 18 and 29 of the Australian Consumer Law (//​Competition and Consumer Act 2010// (Cth) Schedule 2) respectively). In these cases, courts have made orders requiring all necessary steps to be taken to transfer, cancel or de-register the disputed domain name. In several decisions, the use of domain names has been held to contravene ss 52 (misleading and deceptive conduct) and/or 53 (misrepresentations of the //Trade Practices Act 1974// (Cth) ("​TPA"​) ​ - now ss 18 and 29 of the Australian Consumer Law (//​Competition and Consumer Act 2010// (Cth) Schedule 2) respectively). In these cases, courts have made orders requiring all necessary steps to be taken to transfer, cancel or de-register the disputed domain name.
 +
 * //Macquarie Bank Ltd v Seagle// [2008] FCA 1417 – registrant breached TPA s 52 in registering domain names related to Macquarie Bank  in .com, .net and .us domains * //Macquarie Bank Ltd v Seagle// [2008] FCA 1417 – registrant breached TPA s 52 in registering domain names related to Macquarie Bank  in .com, .net and .us domains
  
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