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ausip:intro-ip [2019/03/08 10:13]
jessiej_87 update table
ausip:intro-ip [2019/03/08 10:20]
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 | 1886 | The Berne Convention | //The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works// aims to give creators the right to control and receive payment for their creative works on an international level. This agreement applies to copyright.| ​ | 1886 | The Berne Convention | //The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works// aims to give creators the right to control and receive payment for their creative works on an international level. This agreement applies to copyright.| ​
 | 1893 | BIRPI is established | The //United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property// (//BIRPI//) was an international organisation set up in 1893 to administer the //Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works// and the //Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property//. The BIRPI is the predecessor of the //World Intellectual Property Organisation//​ (//​WIPO//​).| ​ | 1893 | BIRPI is established | The //United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property// (//BIRPI//) was an international organisation set up in 1893 to administer the //Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works// and the //Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property//. The BIRPI is the predecessor of the //World Intellectual Property Organisation//​ (//​WIPO//​).| ​
-| 1947 - 1949 | //General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade// (//GATT//) | In 1947, the //General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade// (//GATT//) is signed, following decades of economic instability with the Great Depression and World War II. The Agreement was negotiated during the UN Conference on Trade and Employment and was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the //​International Trade Organisation//​ (//ITO//). The idea behind GATT was to set up basic trade rules and reduce tariffs between countries.| ​+| 1947 - 1949 | //General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade// (//GATT//) | In 1947, the //General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade// (//GATT//) is signed, following decades of economic instability with the Great Depression and World War II. The Agreement was negotiated during the United Nations ​Conference on Trade and Employment and was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the //​International Trade Organisation//​ (//ITO//). The idea behind ​//GATT// was to set up basic trade rules and reduce tariffs between countries.| ​
 | 1970; 1974 | //The World Intellectual Property Organisation//​ (//WIPO//)| The Convention establishing the //World Intellectual Property Organisation//​ (//WIPO//) comes into force (on 26 April 1970) and //BIRPI// is thus transformed to become //WIPO//. The newly established //WIPO// is a member state-led, intergovernmental organisation,​ with its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. //WIPO// has two main purposes: (1) to provide legal and technical assistance, particularly to developing countries, to develop IP regimes; and (2) to administer the multilateral IP agreements.| ​ | 1970; 1974 | //The World Intellectual Property Organisation//​ (//WIPO//)| The Convention establishing the //World Intellectual Property Organisation//​ (//WIPO//) comes into force (on 26 April 1970) and //BIRPI// is thus transformed to become //WIPO//. The newly established //WIPO// is a member state-led, intergovernmental organisation,​ with its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. //WIPO// has two main purposes: (1) to provide legal and technical assistance, particularly to developing countries, to develop IP regimes; and (2) to administer the multilateral IP agreements.| ​
 | 1986 - 1994 | The Uruguay Round| The //Uruguay Round// was a round of multilateral trade negotiations conducted within the framework of the GATT. The round began in 1986, but negotiations stalled in 1991 when the US refused to agree to anything unless intellectual property was included within the negotiations. The //Uruguay Round// concluded in 1994 with the signing of the //Marrakesh Agreement//,​ which established the //WTO//. Members also agreed to the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU), which is annexed to the Marrakesh Agreement.| | 1986 - 1994 | The Uruguay Round| The //Uruguay Round// was a round of multilateral trade negotiations conducted within the framework of the GATT. The round began in 1986, but negotiations stalled in 1991 when the US refused to agree to anything unless intellectual property was included within the negotiations. The //Uruguay Round// concluded in 1994 with the signing of the //Marrakesh Agreement//,​ which established the //WTO//. Members also agreed to the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU), which is annexed to the Marrakesh Agreement.|
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 | 2001 | The Doha Declaration | The Doha Development Round commences in 2001. The Doha Declaration on the //TRIPS// Agreement and Public Health is adopted by the WTO Ministerial Conference on 14 November 2001.| ​ | 2001 | The Doha Declaration | The Doha Development Round commences in 2001. The Doha Declaration on the //TRIPS// Agreement and Public Health is adopted by the WTO Ministerial Conference on 14 November 2001.| ​
 | 2004/2005 | //​Australia-US Free Trade Agreement// (//​AUSFTA//​)| On 18 May 2004, the //Australia – United States Free Trade Agreement// (//​AUSFTA//​) is signed. ​ This is a preferential trade agreement between Australia and the United States modelled on the //North American Free Trade Agreement// (//​NAFTA//​). The Agreement came into effect on 1 January 2005.| | 2004/2005 | //​Australia-US Free Trade Agreement// (//​AUSFTA//​)| On 18 May 2004, the //Australia – United States Free Trade Agreement// (//​AUSFTA//​) is signed. ​ This is a preferential trade agreement between Australia and the United States modelled on the //North American Free Trade Agreement// (//​NAFTA//​). The Agreement came into effect on 1 January 2005.|
-| 2013 and beyond | The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement | +| 2013 and beyond | The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement ​| The //​Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement// (//TPP//) was negotiated between twelve countries that border the Pacific Ocean: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam. These countries represent approximately 40% of the world'​s economic output, making the //TPP// the largest trade agreement in history. However, before negotiations were finalised, on 23 January 2017, when US President Donald Trump took office, he signed a presidential memorandum to withdraw the United States from //TPP// negotiations. While other //TPP// countries, including Australia, have stated that they plan to continue //TPP// negotiations,​ the future of the agreement looks uncertain without US involvement.|
  
-Intellectual property law has been relatively harmonised worldwide. There are a number of agreements regarding intellectual property law in general, and more specific agreements that apply to certain areas of intellectual property. The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is an international agency, established in 1967 which administers treaties such as the //Paris Convention on the Protection of Industrial Property 1883// and the //Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 1886//, //WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty// and //WIPO Copyright Treaty//. It is WIPO's obligation to administer intellectual property matters and there are approximately 22 intellectual property treaties under its administration. Whilst WIPO administers the treaties, it does not have the requisite power to ensure compliance of the treaties. As a result of this, the //World Trade Organisation Agreement// was enacted, specifically the part that deals with intellectual property, the //Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994// (//​TRIPS//​).+Intellectual property law has been relatively harmonised worldwide. There are a number of agreements regarding intellectual property law in general, and more specific agreements that apply to certain areas of intellectual property. The [World Intellectual Property Organisation](https://​www.wipo.int/​about-wipo/​en/​) ​(WIPO) is an international agency, established in 1967 which administers treaties such as the //Paris Convention on the Protection of Industrial Property 1883// and the //Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 1886//, //WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty// and //WIPO Copyright Treaty//. It is WIPO's obligation to administer intellectual property matters and there are approximately 22 intellectual property treaties under its administration. Whilst WIPO administers the treaties, it does not have the requisite power to ensure compliance of the treaties. As a result of this, the //World Trade Organisation Agreement// was enacted, specifically the part that deals with intellectual property, the //Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994// (//​TRIPS//​).
  
 //TRIPS// is an international agreement which identifies 5 minimum standards for intellectual property that all members of the WTO must adhere to. Further, each WTO member is required by //TRIPS// to enforce these standards. //TRIPS// is an international agreement which identifies 5 minimum standards for intellectual property that all members of the WTO must adhere to. Further, each WTO member is required by //TRIPS// to enforce these standards.
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